Friday, January 19, 2018

When science and art produce nanosculpture ( Human Sculpture Stands on a Strand of Hair).

Artist Jonty Hurwitz has created sculptures so tiny that they can only be seen using an electron microscope (Photo: Jonty Hurwitz).

sculpture so tiny that it cannot be seen by the naked eye is claimed to be the smallest sculpture of the human form ever created. Measuring a picayune 20 x 80 x 100 microns, artist Jonty Hurwitz’s tiny human statue is part of a new series of equally diminutive new sculptures that are at a scale so infinitesimally miniscule that each of the figures is approximately equal in size to the amount your fingernails grow in around about 6 hours, and can only be viewed using a scanning electron microscope.
Sculpted with an advanced new nano 3D printing technology coupled with a technique called multiphoton lithography, these works of art are created using a laser that uses the phenomenon of two photon absorption. In this way, an object is traced out by a laser in a block of light-sensitive monomer or polymer gel, and the excess is then washed away to leave a solid form.
As this method of two photon absorption only takes place at the tiny focal point of the laser, it essentially creates a tiny 3D pixel (a voxel) at that juncture. The laser is then moved along a fractional distance under computer control and the next voxel in the series is formed. In a long and painstaking process that takes place over many hours, the complete 3D sculpture is assembled voxel by voxel.
"We live in an era where the impossible has finally come to pass," said Hurwitz. "In our own little way we have become demi-gods of creation. Contemporary art, in my humble view, needs to reflect the human condition as it is today, it needs to represent the state of society at the time of its creation. Take a moment to consider that only 6,000 years ago we were painting crude animal images on the walls of caves with rocks. We have come far. This nano sculpture is the collective achievement of all of humanity. It is the culmination of thousands of years of R&D.;"

The sculptures that Hurwitz created, "Trust," "Cupid and Psyche: The First Kiss," and "Intensity" are said by the artist to explore the idea of science versus legend, myth, and reality.
"The absolute fact is this: the human eye is unable to see these sculptures," he continued. "All you see is a small mirror with ... nothing on it. The only way to perceive these works is on the screen of powerful scanning electron microscope. So how can you ever know that this sculpture really exists? Your only way to engage with it is through a screen, and a mouse separating you and the art via a vacuum and a series of mathematically mind-blowing quantum processes that shower the art with particles to map its contours. Can you be sure of its existence if your basic senses are telling you that nothing is there? The line between myth and science is fine."
Biography of  Jonty Hurwitz.
Hurwitz was born in Johannesburg in 1969. He gained his education in Electrical Engineering at the University of the Witwatersrand and get the position of the full-time researcher in the Remote Sensing Group at the University of Cape Town. He spent some time traveling India, studying Yoga and wood carving.
                                   Art and Science.
In 2009, he produced his first sculpture Yoda and the Anamorph and instantly won the People’s Choice award in the Maidstone Museum and Art Gallery Bentliff Prize. Four years later, his anamorphic work was discovered by the art blogger Christopher Jobson and in a few weeks being online, it was estimated that the sculpture received over 20 million views.

Anamorphic Sculptures.
The significant body of work makes his anamorphic sculpture inspired by similar work of the some of the most important names in art history, from Leonardo Da Vinci and Hans Holbein, to M.C. Escher. Considered as a pioneer in creating catoptric (mirror) sculptures, Hurwitz explains his ingenuity with calculations and use of algorithm derived from the mathematical constant Pi. The Kiss of Chytrid draws attention to the mass extinction of the frogs because of the spreading of an exotic fungus Chytrid, the artist points out the human superiority in the battle of species on earth.

The Smallest Art Piece in the World.

In 2014, Hurwitz invented a new sculptural technique in the field of Nano art. In a collaboration with the scientific team from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and Weizmann Institute of Science, he created the smallest artwork in the world, approximately 300 nanometers big, using the multiphoton lithography and photogrammetry that could be observed only through a non-optical method of magnification like a scanning electron microscope. In 2015, Hurwitz’s sculpture Trust was declared as the Smallest sculpture of a human by the Guinness Book of Records.

Jonty Hurwitz lives and works in London.

The video below is an interview with the artist in which he explains more about his work.

Bibliography ________________________

[ 1 ] New atlas BY (COLIN  jEFFREY) NOVEMBER 18TH,2014
[ 3 ] 

Featured image: Jonty Hurwitz – Yogi Banker, 2010
All images copyright of the artist.

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